Broiler cage breeding in the fall of the 6 major feeding management points
Broiler chickens with broiler chickens is very impressive, which also created a broiler cage chicken boom, the achievements of a large number of farmers. But because of technical and management experience and other aspects of the lack of farmers have also led to some problems in the breeding process. Especially in the fall, disease and management issues are particularly prominent, which on our vast number of chicken farmers put forward higher requirements.
First, strengthen the chicken coop and equipped with disinfection
According to the date of the chicken coop and the date of receipt of the reasonable scheduling of washing, cleaning, disinfection, the preparatory work of the empty house, the general situation of a number of broiler sales after the interval of at least 2 weeks and then into the next batch of broiler to ensure the preparation of the chicken coop And enough spare time.
Into the next week to broom homes inside and outside the complete cleaning and disinfection, within the space available 3% -5% of the Suer solution spray disinfection. Utensils, corner and ground with 1% -2% sodium hydroxide solution rinse and disinfect, and then fumigation disinfection: that is, all the equipment into the nursery house open doors and windows, according to each cubic meter of space with 28 ml of formalin, 14 grams Potassium permanganate, into the porcelain fumigation, refused to house 24 hours, into the chicks the day before the open house ventilation.
Maintenance of heating, ventilation and lighting and other equipment; infestation of the mouse hole, rodent control; adequate feed and equipment; Broiler cage to develop immunization prevention programs to ensure that drugs, vaccines in place in time.
Second, the choice of chicks
This year, broiler chick prices hit the highest in the past year, so the choice of chicks must be careful. Choose the young to choose strong young, remove the weak and disabled, terat. The characteristics of the brood is: the development of uniform, feathers clean and shiny, dry, active and moving, called crisp loud and clear, eyes great God, standing carefully, strong hand, reflecting the rapid, soft and flexible abdomen, umbilical healing , No bleeding traces. Weak young people are weak, feathers loose, closed eyes shrinking, standing instability, poor absorption of egg yolk, umbilical prominent, bleeding traces.
Third, environmental control
The impact of the environment on the growth of chicks is very large, especially after the autumn, the temperature gradually landed, day and night temperature difference is relatively large, strong stress on chicks, so this stage should be particularly careful.
1, the temperature: the appropriate temperature is the key to the survival rate of chicks. The temperature of the first week of the chicken coop should be controlled at 35-33 ℃, after falling 2-3 ℃ every week, until down to 20 ℃; night outside temperature is low, chicken movement less temperature should be higher than the day 1 ℃. Control the temperature should comply with the following criteria: Broiler cage early should be high, later should be low; daytime should be low, the night should be high; sunny should be low, cloudy should be high. The temperature is appropriate or not, from the chicks dynamic to determine: the temperature is normal, chicks active active, evacuation average, feather light, appetite, sleep at night quiet. The temperature is too low, the chicken access to the heat source, the villa stands, squeeze piles, Jiji screaming. Temperature is too high, chicken away from heat, mouth breathing, wings open, drinking water growth, poor appetite.
Note: The temperature refers to the temperature relative humidity of 60% -70% of the temperature, the humidity felt slightly moist.
2, light: the general chicks after admission 0 - 5 days of age to implement 24 hours a day light, then gradually reduced to 20h until slaughter. In the light intensity, starting from the fifth day of the use of low light, so that chickens can eat normally, drinking water on the line, to prevent surprise group. Appropriate limit in the growth period is conducive to flocks in the dark development of internal organs, to avoid late death Amoy (sudden death) is too high. If feeding about 42 days or 35-36 days of broiler should use intermittent light or 23 hours, 1 hour dark method.
Description: 20lux equivalent to 3.3 watts per square meter, 10lux equivalent to 1.7 watts per square meter.
3, humidity: 1-2 weeks to maintain a relatively high humidity, 3 weeks to slaughter should maintain a relatively low humidity, the reference scale is: 1-2 weeks, relative humidity can be controlled at 70% -65%, after the control in the 55 % -60%, the minimum not less than 40%.
4, ventilation: broiler all the feeding cycle are required to have good ventilation, especially after the late ventilation is particularly important. Broiler cage 1-3 weeks of age to the main insulation, proper ventilation, ammonia concentration is small, smoke-free dust.
Ventilation as far as possible with the lift off the plastic film disposal, such as still can not be disposed of, should be open chicken doors and windows ventilation. 4 weeks to slaughter to ventilated mainly to maintain the appropriate temperature, ammonia smell small. Autumn according to the outside temperature appropriate to open the doors and windows but to avoid cold air directly to the chicks.
Fourth, drinking water management
It is necessary to ensure that it is not contaminated by E. coli and other pathogenic microorganisms. The first week of drinking and room temperature the same warm water, later switch to deep well water or tap water. The first 3 days in the drinking water appropriate to add 2.5% -5% glucose, brown sugar and broiler with the multi; Chicken into the brooding room after drinking water 3-4 hours after the first feeding; Broiler cage drinking fountains should be placed on average, Moderate, daily cleaning and disinfection 1-2 times, storage tanks, barrels and other water storage time can not exceed 3 days; try to record daily water consumption, if the abnormal drinking water is often abnormal feeding or management or flocks of disease omen.
Fifth, the choice of feed
Feed costs account for about 70% of the total cost of broiler chickens, and what kind of feed is directly related to the economic benefits of broiler breeding. The center of the problem is the lowest cost of which feed, and what kind of feed you can do with some comparative tests. According to the current situation in the country, can use the credit better medium or large feed mill produced affordable price of chicken dedicated full price pellet feed.
6, immunization matters
Broiler immunization methods are often overlooked and are prone to disease at a later stage. Therefore, it is proposed to use eye, nose, spray and drinking water immune method of live seedlings, in the early use of the best eye, nose, Broiler cage late if the conditions also use eye, nose. It is best not to use spray immunization method. Immune day and before and after the day, drinking water plus electrolysis; these three days is best not to bring chicken disinfection and drinking water disinfection.
Broiler cage breeding broiler breeding golden season is in the fall, so the majority of breeding households must pay attention to. But the fall of the feeding and management requirements will be higher. Therefore, the farmers on the one hand as soon as possible to grasp the broiler feeding and management and general disease prevention and treatment methods, Broiler cage on the other hand, to more experienced farmers and the company's service staff to ask, the only way to do meat chicken cage farming work, To achieve better economic benefits.